使用nginx搭建点播和直播流媒体服务器的方法步骤

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本篇文章主要介绍了使用nginx搭建点播和直播流媒体服务器的方法步骤,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

环境   centos7 nginx

1 安装nginx依赖包 yum install gcc gcc-c++ openssl-devel zlib-devel pcre pcre-devel yamdi

2.下载解压nginx_mod_h264_streaming,让nginx支持flv,mp4流播放   wget http://h264.code-shop.com/download/nginx_mod_h264_streaming-2.2.7.tar.gz 解压后需要修改src目录下的ngx_http
_streaming_module.c文件,将r->zero_in_uri所在的if语句注释掉

3.下载解压nginx-rtmp-module,让nginx支持rtmp/hls协议,wegt -o nginx-rtmp-module.zip  https://github.com/arut/nginx-rtmp-module/archive/master.zip

4下载清除缓存的模块 wget -Ongx_cache_purge.zip     https://github.com/FRiCKLE/ngx_cache_purge/archive/master.zip

5.下载nginx  wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.9.0.tar.gz

6 .进入nginx的安装目录下 执行以下命令./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx/--add-module=../nginx-rtmp-module-master --add-module=../ngx_cache_purge-master--add-module=../nginx_mod_h264_streaming-2.2.7 --with-http_stub_status_module--with-http_ssl_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_gzip_static_module--with-http_flv_module

7. 执行以下命令编译文件make && make install ,并修改nginx安装目录下的objs下的Makefile 删除-Werror

9. 修改nginx.conf

10. 通过yum 停止firewalld防火墙并卸载,然后安装iptables-services修改/etc/sysconfig/iptables文件夹放行80端口

11.nginx 配置如下:

#使用的用户和组#user nobody;#指定工作衍生的进程数,为cpu的核心数总和worker_processes 2;#指定错误日志的存放路径 日志记录级别[debug,info,notice,warn,error,crit]error_log  /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log;#error_log logs/error.log notice;#error_log logs/error.log info;#指定pid存放的路径pid    /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;events {  #使用的网络I/O模型,linux系统推荐是epoll而freeBSD是kqueue  use epoll;  #允许的连接数,最大的高并发连接数为worker_processes*worker_connections  worker_connections 51200;}rtmp { server {  listen 1935;  chunk_size 4096;  application live {   live on;   record off;  }  #application live2 {   #live on;   #record off;  #}  # video on demand  application media {   play /usr/local/nginx/html/;  }  #application vod_http {   #play http://192.168.31.185/vod;  #}  application hls {   live on;   hls on;   hls_path /tmp/hls;  } }}http {  include    mime.types;  default_type application/octet-stream;  #  #log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '  #         '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '  #         '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';  #access_log logs/access.log main;  sendfile    on;  #tcp_nopush   on;  #keepalive_timeout 0;  keepalive_timeout 65;  gzipon;  server {    listen    80;    server_name localhost;    #charset koi8-r;    #access_log logs/host.access.log main;    location / {      root  html;      index index.html index.htm;    }location ~ \.flv$ {  root /usr/local/nginx/html/media/  flv;}location ~ \.mp4$ {  root /usr/local/nginx/html/media/;  mp4;}location /stat{   rtmp_stat all;   # Use this stylesheet to view XML as web page   # in browser   rtmp_stat_stylesheet stat.xsl; } location /stat.xsl {   # XML stylesheet to view RTMP stats.   # Copy stat.xsl wherever you want   # and put the full directory path here   root /path/to/stat.xsl/; } location /hls{   # Serve HLS fragments   types {application/vnd.apple.mpegurl m3u8;video/mp2tts;   }   root /tmp;   add_header Cache-Control no-cache; } location /dash{   # Serve DASH fragments   root /tmp;   add_header Cache-Control no-cache; }    #error_page 404       /404.html;    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html    #    error_page  500 502 503 504 /50x.html;    location = /50x.html {      root  html;    }    # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80    #    #location ~ \.php$ {    #  proxy_pass  http://127.0.0.1;    #}    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000    #    #location ~ \.php$ {    #  root      html;    #  fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;    #  fastcgi_index index.php;    #  fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;    #  include    fastcgi_params;    #}    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root    # concurs with nginx's one    #    #location ~ /\.ht {    #  deny all;    #}  }  # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration  #  #server {  #  listen    8000;  #  listen    somename:8080;  #  server_name somename alias another.alias;  #  location / {  #    root  html;  #    index index.html index.htm;  #  }  #}  # HTTPS server  #  #server {  #  listen    443 ssl;  #  server_name localhost;  #  ssl_certificate   cert.pem;  #  ssl_certificate_key cert.key;  #  ssl_session_cache  shared:SSL:1m;  #  ssl_session_timeout 5m;  #  ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;  #  ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;  #  location / {  #    root  html;  #    index index.html index.htm;  #  }  #}}

12. 输入xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/*.mp4/*.flv就能播放视频了

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持服务器之家。

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